Making it onto a real Formula 1 grid alongside the likes of Lewis Hamilton and Sebastian Vettel usually involves years of moving through the ranks, and costs millions of dollars to do so. But now, could there be a new, cost-effective way of making it into the sport? While the exact figure may vary from driver to driver, it’s estimated if you were to self-fund your way to the top, you’ll need: The money really starts to ramp up with two years in Formula 3, and that’s before you probably need another two years in GP2.
All in all, there’s around $8 million dollars of driver investment. And even then, there’s no guarantee of getting picked up by a Formula 1 team. Compare that to the roughly $1,000 needed for a console and accessories to hone your driving skills. But does that mean you can really make it from the console to the cockpit? I think it’s good that it’s becoming much bigger and providing more opportunities and best casino bonuses because I think the more people you can have go into racing, the tougher it’s going to get, the more exciting it’s going to get.
Norris will be driving in Formula 1 for McLaren from 2019. And he’s also an avid gamer. However, he’s put the brakes on any idea that sim racing provides shortcuts to a real-world driving seat. The experience of crashing a car and it being costly, you know, you can’t just hit a reset button and go again. But at the same time, the physical side of things which you don’t feel so much on a sim.
You don’t have the G-forces, you don’t feel it on your neck, your body, your arms and legs. Here at McLaren, I think they’re good at preparing drivers in those other areas, but it’s still a very difficult jump. But that doesn’t mean there isn’t still intense competition, and big money up for grabs, for competitive gamers. Here at the Formula 1 Esports Pro Series, 18 of the world’s best drivers are competing for a $200,000 dollar prize pot and of course the title of Formula one esports Series champion. This arena in West London may play host to the event, but state-of-the-art simulators like this mean that drivers can be easily transported to famous circuits of Singapore and Silverstone. Nine of the top F1 teams, with the exception of Ferrari, have been competing as part of a 10-round format, now in its second year.
With driver and constructors titles awarded and a prize pool of $200,000 dollars. Winning here is about more than just a race to the chequered flag. And for many of the drivers, it’s a way they hope will show they can do it for real. Esports is a second chance for a lot of people because, as you’ve just mentioned people did do karting as a kid, often ran out of money, so they’ve gone to esports because it’s a low-budget alternative where the racing is actually more intense and closer than real life. My ultimate goal is to get to be the first Formula 1 driver that’s come from F1 esports, but yeah, I think it’s definitely doable.
Formula 1’s former boss Bernie Ecclestone didn’t really see the benefit in engaging with younger fans. Famously saying in 2014, “Young kids will see the Rolex brand, but are they going to go out and buy one?” But now, esports is just one way that Formula 1 is accelerating interest for a new generation of fans. The difficulty or one of the challenges with Formula 1 is that it’s not necessarily the most accessible sport. You couldn’t just jump into an F1 car. But the beauty about esports is that actually it bridges that gap, it gives an opportunity to kids who love racing, to experience racing in a way that is accessible and also in a way that’s very transferable.
More than 70,000 race-loving gamers entered the qualifying process for this season, creating more than three million views on social media during its first live event. So Formula One may not have been the first sport to enter the e-gaming arena, but events like this show that it’s certainly back on the pace. Hi guys, Adam here.
Unfortunately, progressive betting systems do not work, there’s, never any correlation that says if you lose or win the previous hand, that’s gon na increase or decrease your odds of winning the next hand in blackjack, so progressive betting systems. Don’T work, it’s not going to change the odds. A lot of players asked me about card counting and specifically, what is it because there’s a misconception that if you’re a card counter you’re gon na memorize every card, that’s played and that’s not how card counting works Card counting is simply watching the cards on the table.
So that by seeing these cards, you’ll have some information as to what the mix of cards are in the un played cards sitting in the shoes that are gon na come out in the next round and I’ll give a simple example: let’s take a look at a Single deck game, you sit at a table and a dealer shuffles the cards cards come out on the first round, you’re an observant, blackjack player. So you look at the cards and you see that there are four aces on the layout. Maybe you have an ace two.
Other players have second and third ace. So maybe the dealer has the fourth ace. Now the dealer picks up.
Those cards puts them in the discard tray and now she’s ready to deal the second round. What are your chances of getting a blackjack on the second round? Well, your chance is 0 because you were an observant player.
You saw that all four aces were removed. Therefore, you have the knowledge from what you saw that they’re not going to be any blackjacks on the next round, So if you’re, smart bettor in that game, you’re not going to make a very large bet in that second round Now card counting is not illegal. The last time I looked using your brain when you play blackjack is certainly not an illegal activity, and that’s all you do when you card count. You’Re using your brain Now, there’s a misconception that a lot of players mistakenly believe that, in order to be a card counter they’re going to have to study for months and months and be like the MIT guys that a lot of players saw in the movie 21. That’S certainly not the case.
Anybody with average intelligence can learn card counting. Now some card counting systems do take a little bit more time to learn, but there are simple ones like speedcount, which can be learned in less than half an hour by the average person. Besides playing blackjack in casinos, there’s also another option and that’s to play tournament.
Blackjack Tournament. Blackjack is a little bit different than playing blackjack at a table because, when you’re playing in a tournament, you’re not only playing against the dealer but you’re competing against other players and the way tournaments work is quite simple. You have a table of say six or seven players.
If they offered you a surrender option and most importantly, you wan na look at the payoffs for a blackjack, you want to make sure that if you were to get a blackjack that you’d get paid 3-2 and not 6-5 or even money, So it’s this mix of Rules which is going to determine the house edge against the player. Another thing that players ask me are which blackjack games should they avoid? I think the first thing you you definitely need to avoid is any blackjack game that pays 6-5 for blackjack and normally you’ll see a 6-5 blackjack payoff on single deck games.
The come-on is, of course, the fact that the casinos offering a single deck game, which is usually a better game for a player when they throw in the 6-5 odds. It makes a good game into a very poor game. Another kind of blackjack game that you should avoid are the ones that use a continuous shuffling machine. You’Ll know that the automatic shuffler is a continuous, shuffling machine. When you simply watch what the dealer does with the discards In a normal game of blackjack, the dealer will take the discards and put them in a discard tray, but with a continuous shuffler after every round is done, the dealer will take the discards and she will Place them back into the continuous shuffling machine and normally these machines hold from four to five decks of cards.
So when you think about it, when you’re playing with a continuous shuffling machine, the cards are going around and around from the table back into the machine. And then they come back out again and it just keeps cycling and when you’re playing with a CSM there’s. Never a pause in the action because the dealer doesn’t have to do any shuffling doesn’t have to change out. Shoes doesn’t have to change out cards, so what that does is it exposes your bankroll to the house edge 20 percent more per hour and therefore a player’s theoretical hourly loss is going to increase by 20 percent. Everybody asks me: what’s the biggest mistake that blackjack players make, I think the number one mistake is they either do not use the basic playing strategy, but instead use some kind of a faulty playing strategy and by faulty there are all different types and kinds, probably the Most common is a lot of players like to follow the strategy of the dealer, where they would always hit if they have 16 or less and stand on 17 or more just like the dealer does and that’s a strategy. That’S gon na doom, you to lose.
So you want to use the right strategy, which is the basic playing strategy. The second biggest mistake that players make. Is they use a progressive betting system, believing that that’s going to be the key to unlock the vault so to speak?
My name is Steve Bourie and I’m the author of the American casino guide, which is the number one bestselling book in the US on the subject of casino gambling and travel and the only book that comes with more than one thousand dollars in casino coupon. If you want to know more about me or my book be sure to visit my website at americancasinoguide.com In this video, we’ll be hearing from casino gambling expert henry Tamburin and answering some of the most common questions that players have about blackjack Henry has written several books On casino gambling, including Blackjack, take the money and run He also teaches instructional classes on how to be a card counter in skrill casinos sa, and he has a website at bjinsider.com where he publishes a monthly newsletter.
All about the game of blackjack, I’m sure you’ll learn some great tips from Henry on the basics of blackjack and how to be a better player. Now, here’s Henry Tamburin A lot of players, ask me if they can win playing blackjack. The answer is yes, but you have to use the right strategies.
The first thing that an average player needs to do is to learn the basic playing strategy, and that will allow you to reduce the house edge to less than 1 percent, which is still not a winning player. What you have to do next is take the second step and you have to learn a simple card counting system. So if you use basic strategy and you learn card counting, you can have the edge on your side and you can be a long-term winning player. A lot of players ask me if the game of blackjack is the same from one casino to another Years ago.
That was the case. If you came to Las Vegas, for example, you’d find the same blackjack games within the casino and also from one casino to the next nowadays. That’S not true. You’Ll find some casinos that use two decks of cards, some use 6, some use 8 and some casinos. The dealer will stand on soft seventeen and others they’ll hit soft 17.
Some casinos will restrict the hands that you can double down on some offer surrender some don’t and you even have to watch out for the payoffs for a blackjack. So it’s very important that before you play blackjack, you go to the casino and you look at the blackjack table and make sure you understand what are the playing rules and what are the payoffs for blackjack for this particular table that you want to sit and play In the game of blackjack, the rules will affect the house edge against the player and there are good rules and there are not so good rules. The good rules for players, the ones you need to look for – are, for example, the dealer standing on soft 17 rather than hitting soft 17, it’s much better for a player. If the dealer stands on soft seventeen, You also want to make sure that you don’t have any restrictions, as I said earlier, on doubling down, ideally you’d like to be able to double down after pair splitting it’d be nice.
What we’re going to do now, is we’re going to learn how to play the game of Texas Holdem Poker. Texas Holdem, it’s been a big booming game hasn’t it in the Internet era? And you can be a big part of it and the best thing to do is to learn how to play it properly before you start playing the game.
That’s what I’m here to do. I’m gonna teach you the fundamentals of Texas Holdem Poker. What is it?
I’ts a game of Poker against other players. Eventually there’s gonna be seven cards in play. Two are kind of secretive, they’re your own cards. Five card layed out across the middle here and the best player, with the strongest hand will win and i’ll talk you through it. You can see on the table here you’ve got something called a Dealer Button, you’ll see this when your playing online. Everybody takes their turn to be dealer.
The Dealer Button will move around after every hand so everyone takes their turn. To the left of the dealer, that’s the person who starts the betting off in every single hand, they’re called the Small Blind. That will be, in this case, here’s the dealer. So to the dealer’s left, here’s your Small Blind. To their left, is what we call the the Big Blind. So what are the Blinds?
The Blinds, they’re the thing that start the action going. They’re compulsory bets so that we’ve got some action, we’ve got some betting to start every hand off. In this case, we’ll say the small blind is one of these $5 chips here or £5 chips, so the Small Blind to the dealers left will be five, and the Big Blind has to be twice as much. So in this case, we call this, this is what we call a 5-10 game, the 5 being the Small Blind, the 10 being the Big Blind. You’ll see games of all different levels on the website. This’ll be a 5-10 game this case.
Five Blind, 10 Big Blind. So that’s started our betting going hasn’t it? What happens next? We’ve got our table set, we’ve got our players, we have the cards dealt out initially. You have just two cards each, so out come the cards.
We’ll have three players playing on this website. Two cards to each player and the players, as the cards go over the line there, will have a little look at their cards and think, have they made a good start to the hand. We’ve got the betting started, so we’ve gone Small Blind here, we’ve got the Big Blind here, so we would say the action, the next person to act in the hand is again, as it moves round clockwise the player to the left here. So we’ve got the Small Blind and the Big Blind, so what does the player here have to do next?
Well the action is now 10, that’s him out of the bet So they’ve now got three 3 different choices. Very common term in the world of Poker are these three phrases; They are to Fold, they are to Call and they are to Raise. So lets go through the three different options that the player in the third position here in this example. if he Folds, that’s pretty straight forward, he looks at his cards, he sees the betting is 10 and he thinks “Oh, that’s too expensive, I don’t have a very strong hand, discretion is the better part of valor, i’m gonna Fold my hand.” So the cards will be Folded, nothing ventured, you can actually have many hands in Poker where you don’t lose any money in the game.
Quite nice. There is a second option is to Call. To think “Well, I’m not doing too badly but I don’t wanna commit too much to the hand.” To Call at this stage, would be just to match the bet which was 10 there, The bet will again be 10 more.
If he does that, the action keeps moving around in a clockwise direction until it comes to the next player. The third option is to Raise. Now raising is when you add money to the pot, you build it up.
You could possibly call it by playing aggressively. An aggressive player does a lot of Raising and to Raise you have to double the amount that’s been bet previously. Here, the amount is 10, so if the player in the third box is going to Raise, the minimum he would be able to do that would be 20. He couldn’t bet 15, that wouldn’t be allowed. You have to double it up. So he can bet 20 or more.
So we’ll say he has bet 20, the action then moves round the table, the player in the box here, he has to now have 20 committed to the pot. He’s got 5, we’ll put him in for 20 and we’ll move the action round to the next player to his his left, he’s again got the same options. He’s committed for 10, the bets 20, he can Fold, he can Call it at 20 or he can Raise it again.
We’ll put him in for a Call. At this stage, everyone’s got the same amount committed to the pot, that’s when the round of betting ends. And all the money goes, as we say, into the pot, that’s gonna be played out at the end. So that’s the end of the first round of betting. After this, what we do is we’ll now draw three cards out and this is called the Flop, where the dealer will, in a real game, burn a card.
Drop a card down, and then three more cards are drawn to the table. Now, you with your two cards here, are gonna be matching up seeing how strong a Poker hand you can produce here. This is called the Flop. And again the betting will open up again, to the left of the dealer. Whoever is the player left in hand to the left of the dealer, shall be the first to act.
A little bit differently to the first round here, because there’s no compulsory betting already out there, you can at this stage do something that we haven’t talked about which is called Checking. Checking is when there’s no action, but you don’t want to commit any money at this stage to the pot, but you don’t want to get out of the pot either, So you can just Check and move the action around to the next player, So you’ll maybe go Check, Check, maybe perhaps the third player here, he wants to bet into the action. We’re in a 5-10 game, so the minimum bet here would be 10. So we’ll have this player here maybe, very very confidently betting 200 chips, getting a bit of action going in the game.
The betting then moves round again in a clockwise action to the next player who’s here. He’s now got those three options we talked about before, where he can Fold, he can Call, or he can Raise. Just like in the first round of betting.
In this example then we’ll have the player Calling the bet, the third player here, he’s then got the same three options. He can match that 200, he can raise to 400 or more. Or he can think, “My cards aren’t quite good enough. I’ve seen the Flop, I haven’t got a strong enough hand.”
So in this example let’s have the third player Folding his cards and he’s out of the hand. So we’ve just got the two players remaining, all the bets are equal. So again, that’s the end of that round of betting, called the Flop and the pot is building up nicely. The next thing that happens, is called the Turn. The Turn is a fourth card. Down it goes, over it goes.
So now look; we’ve got four cards here, hopefully you’re building up a nice strong confident position in the hand. Again, to the dealer’s left the first to act, do you Check or do you bet? What should we do this time?
Maybe the player here, fairly confidently bets 200, maybe the player to his left is very confident and Raises to 500. Again the player here, we’ll talk through these three options again. What does he do? Does he Fold, does he Call or does he Raise? Lets in this example say you Call the bet, you match the 500, so that 200 disappears,that 500 goes in. We’ve got the bets matched at this stage then, that’s the end of that betting turn.
And we’re now ready for the last card to be delivered and this is called the River, everything can change on the River. A lucky player is sometimes known as a River Rat, we’ve all been one. There’s the last card that’s burnt, there’s the card that goes into the middle.
Let’s see, we’ve got a Pair of 4’s on board, lots and lots of different possibilities. We then return to the player to the dealers left to choose, what are you gonna do? Are you gonna Check, are you gonna bet?
In this example, let’s keep it nice and simple. We’ll go Check, and Check. Both players, a little bit scared perhaps to commit too much into this pot. The hand is now complete.
The last thing to do is to see who the winner is, so we turn the cards over. An 8 and a 10 there, a Queen and a 6 there. The winning hand in this example is this hand here, you’ve got two 6’s and two 4’s with what we call a Queen Kicker. We’ll talk about the Hand hierarchy in just a moment. so in this example, the player here wins the pot, all the cards are brought in.
The Dealer Button will move across one, and we’re all ready to start our next hand.
There are many different slot machines available where you can choose to play according to your budget. Slot machines bets range from 5 cents to $5. High roller machines can take bets as high as $500.
Progressive Slots are linked in a bank of machines so that a certain percentage of every bet you wager goes to the progressive jackpot pool. This progressive amount gets larger as the same progressive belongs to many different online casinos.
The more people playing on the linked machines, the faster the jackpot increases. Finally one lucky player will scoop the jackpot he/she hits the highest winning symbol combination. It could be You!!! To hit the jackpot the maximum coins must be played.
A multiplier slot machine doesn’t have a jackpot, but the payback for additional coins is a multiple of the payback for a single coin. Some slots have an additional wheel that can be played after a win. So a player has a 50/50 chance of doubling (or losing) his/her winnings.
These machines have a special wheel mounted on top. When the winning symbols appears on the slot machine this wheel spins and the player has a chance at winning the wheel-of fortune jackpot.
The special prizes is waiting for you if you get a special symbol combination or collected certain symbols. If you do, you will enter a bonus round. Usually a player have to bet maximum coins to qualify for the bonus round.
Nudge machines have a light mounted on them that comes on occasionally. When it on, the player may move (nudge) a wheel forward or backward one location to get a certain combination of symbols on the payline, so a losing bet can become a winner. The house edge on these machines is usually the same as for regular slots.
Progressive slots are online slot games where the money to be won is constantly increasing. To get more info, click at the pictures below. While you are playing progressive games, if you happen to win the progressive jackpot (we wish you luck for this) then a screen pop up to notify you of the winning, and then the prize money is reset once again i.e. it goes back to zero and starts growing again.
There are a number of different progressive slots available to play at different online casinos. We provide you with top quality progressive slots that belong to the microgaming and playtech casinos.
Here you will find relevant information on how Slots could be played to increase your odds or winning as well as some of the importance on how to play it well. For example, Chris Wilkinson is a player at casinoslots.co.nzonline slots who converts slots into a business. He makes more than he looses. So, let see what are his rules and strategies that make him win.
As we all know, slot machines and any other online gambling game has to keep a certain %age of the money that people play and the rest is openly let for people to win. In slots it can vary from as low as around 70% for Fruit Machines in the UK, to as high as 98% in Las Vegas.
The higher the percentage, the better chances of winning. So, an important thing to do is to identify which machine is “loose” (high %ages).
For instance if you put $100 through a 98% payback machine for 20 times, you are left with over $66. But, putting the same amount 20 times through an 88% payback machine we are down to $7. (In the UK, the payback percentage of each Fruit Machine is located in small print at the top of each machine. In the US, we have to use the Casino’s floor plan to identify the loose Slots.)
Simply put, the looser machines mean longer play sessions, more wins and hence greatly improving your chances of being there for the Jackpot when it arrives!
When you have reached a stage where you think you’ve earned the maximum that the online slot would give you, you should cash out that money and go to a different game. This is because it has been proven that people tend to play until they loose all the money. So, the best advice we can give is when your on a roll, keep your initial deposit and gamble with the winnings.
Also remember to look at the payout chart before playing. Whenever you play at any online slots machine, you will see a link taking you to the payout chart.
There are many books available to study thoroughly on how to play online slots. you can have a look at those as well if you are going to be an advanced online slots player.
A rule of thumb to follow, increase your bets when you are winning and decrease then while you are loosing.
While playing Progressive Jackpots, you’ll notice that at progressive games, you don’t win that often. In order to win, you have to bet big since the money you are playing for is the jackpot alone. There will be a higher chance of winning once you’ve put bigger money in the pot to play. When playing progressive slots, the risk is higher but the rewards are well worth it when you hit the jackpot.
Lastly, remember some points:
If you are a regular player, you should join a Slots club so you too can enjoy the benefits of playing Online Gambling Slots – A lot of the online casinos offer Comps and Loyalty program. So you get part of the money back on whatever money you wager.
Find a single payline machine to play on. At these machines you find it being less expensive to play. Your money will last longer, and your chances of winning a big jackpot, will be greater on a single payline machine.
Keeping this in mind, pick one machine (or online casino game in particular) and invest in an hour’s worth of playing at different times throughout the day. Most machines are on a cycle so that they tend to pay off at the same time every day or couple of days. The slower you play the better your chances of winning.
Keep yourself well rested and well fed because the combination of hunger and fatigue can wreak havoc on your common sense and control.
Participate in slot tournaments for a greater chance to win big money $$$.
Start out simple, let the winnings start piling up before moving on to the progressive Slots.
Make sure that the credit meter is activated by observing that the button is lit.
Manage money wisely.
Use profits to advance to higher denomination or progressive machines.
I’m gonna run you through lots of terminology and lots of knowledge about the game of Poker. Action. Action refers to the amount of play in a game. You can have lots of Action when there’s lots of people betting in the hand, you can have a low Action hand when everyone’s checking and moving it around.
“The Action on you”, means you’re the next person to act in the hand. It’s up to you next to decide what you’re gonna do. An All In is when a player decides to go for broke, to put all his chips in the middle and to try and double up his entire chip stack. We can see an example at the table here, you’ve got a Small Blind, a Big Blind, a Call.
The player here, looks at his cards, got a lovely hand, there’s the line, put all your chips over the line, All In, all your chips in. If you get a Call, you’ve got the chance to double up. Very risky, a lot of players call All In’s when they’re bluffing, a lot of players only call All In’s when they think they can’t be beaten. It’s taking a chance, it’s a good chance though to double your stack by going All In. A Backdoor is when you get a little bit lucky. You catch the last two cards perfectly to complete a Straight, or in this particular example we’re giving here, a Flush.
You can see the player here, he’s got 2 clubs, first three cards only included one club. By having a Back Door there, the Turn Card and the River Card, both Diamonds, was a long shot but it’s worked out for him. It’s a Back Door, the last two cards have worked in his favour and he’s completed the five cards to the Diamonds to complete the Flush there. You could do the same thing when you’re going for a Straight for instance, by getting the two matching cars that you needed on the Turn and the River, the fourth and fifth cards. That’s a Back Door. A Bad Beat.
A Bad Beat is, it’s not nice. It’s when you’re the favourite in the hand, everything is looking very very good for you, but on the turn of the last card unexpectedly, things turn against you. Nobody likes to have a Bad Beat.
We all sympathize to the player who has a Bad Beat, but we all like to be the person who benefits from a Bad Beat. So that’s when the odds turn around after the last card, the person who looked like they were gonna win the hand ends up being the loser. They suffer from a Bad Beat. Let’s talk about the Blinds.
The Blinds are very very important, the Blinds are what starts the betting going in any particular given hand. They’re compulsory bets to start everything going. Look at the Dealer Button here; the Dealer Button moves around, the player to the left of the Dealer, they’re the compulsory bet, the one that started betting going before we see the Flop, the first three cards. They’re the Small Blind to the left and to their left is the Big Blind. Bluffing. Bluffing is one of the great arts of the game of Poker.
It’s the most satisfying way to win a hand of Poker. It’s when you don’t have much of a hand, but by sticking a load of chips in, by putting some pressure on the other players at the table, you get them to Fold, you get to win the hand when you didn’t have the best hand. Bluffing, it can be dangerous, it can be expensive, it’s a very very satisfying way of winning. The best Poker players are really good bluffers and the best Poker players also spot when the other players are Bluffing. The Button as it’s sometimes referred to. That’s the marker of the Dealer, that the Dealer Button moves around, it moves around in a clockwise motion with every hand.
We all take our turn to nominally be the dealer in the hand. To be “On the Button” means that you are nominally the Dealer in the hand and that means, as the betting moves around, you’re actually gonna be the last person to act in the hand. It goes the Small Blind, the Big Blind, it moves around the table in a clockwise motion, comes back to you who’s “On the Button”, you are the Dealer. You’re the last person to act in any hand. Some people think it’s a position of great strength, because you can see what the other people have done first. On the Button, the last to act, the Dealer in the hand.
A Call. A Call is when you don’t Raise and when you don’t Fold. Let’s look at the example here at the table of a Call Bet. We’ve started the betting off, we’ve got our Small Blind for 5, we’ve got our Big Blind there for two 5 chips which is a 10, action moves around in a clockwise motion, it’s this player next to act. If they’re gonna Call the bet, they just match the previous bet.
You can sometimes call that a Flat Call where whatever the person’s bet before, behind them you bet exactly the same. You’re not Raising the stakes, you’re not Folding out of the hand, you’re just maintaining the status quo in the hand by matching the previous bet, that’s called a Call. The Check. The Check bet happens in the second and third and sometimes the fourth round of betting, where you have the opportunity sometimes to stay in the hand without placing a bet.
Now here we are, we’ve had the Flop, the first three cards to come down, the player to the Dealers left, they’re gonna be the first one to act. Nobody in the hand, in this particular juncture has yet, in this round of betting, made a bet. So you don’t have to match anything, you don’t have to Raise anything if you don’t want to.
To Check you just tap the table and it moves round to the next player. When there’s no Action and you don’t want to put any Action or put any chips into the pot, you can check and pass the buck along to the next player in line. Eventually someone’s gonna bet, but if you wanna Check and move it around, just to keep yourself nice and safe without playing any money into the hand. That’s called a Check, when you move it around without placing any money.
Community Cards. Community Cards are the cards that are placed in the middle here. They’re cards that all of us who are playing in the game of Poker get the chance to add to our hand to give ourselves the best chance to win. You have the Flop, the first three cards, you have the Turn and the River in the game of Texas Holdem.
These are Community Cards, we add to them our own, nice and secretive to ourselves to make your hands up, but these are ones that are on public show. We can all see what the Community Cards are and we can all use these cards to make our hands up. Drawing Dead. Drawing Dead means that you’re in a position in the hand where it’s impossible for you to have the winning hand, to have a hand that can beat the other players.
Here’s an example of Drawing Dead. This player here has got a Jack-8, this player here after four cards have been drawn here, has got the Ace-King. There is not a card in the deck here that can be placed here as the last card that means that the player here can win the hand. He will be what we call Drawing Dead, he has got no chance of winning the hand whatever happens. We’ll draw the last card out. Impossible for the player here to win whatever the scenario.
Drawing Dead is not a position any of us want to be in. We want our opponent Drawing Dead so we can’t lose the hand. The Flop. Once the players have been dealt their hands and the first round of betting has been completed, the Dealer will then deal you out the Flop. The Flop, is three cards turned face up that form part of your Community Cards of your hand. In a live game of Poker, the Dealer will always burn one card and then will turn three cards over called the Flop.
A very nice Flop in this case. Two Aces here, to start your hand off. The first three Community Cards in the game, they’re called the Flop. You have the Flop, the Turn, the River, these are the first ones, the Flop. A Gutshot. A Gutshot is when you catch a lucky card really.
What you’re doing, you’re trying to create a Straight, a Straight is 5 cards in sequence. In this case, 7, 8, 9,10 and Jack to make a run of five cards here, a really strong hand. Here the player with the 8, has already got the 7, he’s got the 8 himself, the 9 and the Jack, his Gutshot card. It’s this one isn’t?
He’s hoping and praying 1/14 generally. There it is, it’s the 10. The Gutshot card.
It’s a very very lucky one. It would be a Bad Beat if somebody got a Gutshot on you and caught you up on the last card of any given hand. A Gutshot completes a Straight by being one of the cards in the middle. Kicker. A Kicker is sometimes the very minute difference between winning and losing in a hand of Poker. Let’s have a look at the example I’ve put out on the table here.
We’ve finished the hand, we’ve had the Flop, we’ve got the seven cards to look at, what’s the winning hand in this situation? Let’s have a look at it then. It’s a pair of Jacks. Both players here have got a Jack, a pair of Jacks each. Neither player has managed to make Two Pairs, they’ve both got one Pair, a pair of Jacks.
So how do we decide who wins the hand? It goes down to the next best card. So we’ve got a pair of Jacks, what’s the next highest card available for either player? It’s this card here. It’s the Ace. So this player has got a pair of Jacks with an Ace Kicker.
This player has got a pair Jacks, his next best card is this 10 here. So the winner in this particular hand is this player here. He’s got a pair of Aces with a higher Kicker, something to back up his Pair, without making a stronger hand is the Kicker and the Ace Kicker this time will win the hand for that player. Limping In. Limping In means that you place the minimum amount of chips necessary to keep yourself in the hand when you’re the last player to act.
We’ll make this seem a little bit clearer. Let’s look at the table here, we’ve got the Dealer Button, Small Blind for one, all the players in the hand have bet two chips worth 10, 10, 10, 10, 10. The last one to act here is the Small Blind, he’s already bet 5, he’s gonna Limp In, he’s not gonna Raise, he’s gonna put the minimum amount in, as the last player in the hand to finish off the action, he’ll just put in his extra 5 chips to even it up, he’s Limped In.
He hasn’t Raised the Action, he hasn’t been aggressive, he’s kept the game fairly low-key. Limping In, sometimes people do it as a bluff when they’ve got a very very strong hand, watch out for that. Loose.
A Loose player is somebody who tends to play a lot of hands, who tends to Raise a lot, tends to get involved in every pot. You can never be sure if a Loose player is bluffing or if they have a big hand. If a Loose player plays every hand generally though, they are running into somebody with a really big hand who will take them down; Loose players.
They can win or lose a lot of money very very quickly. In the Muck. That means when you decide to discard your hand, throw it away and surrender in the hand. I’ll show you how to Muck a hand. The Dealer here, Small Blind has placed his chip here, the Big Blind behind.
He’s Raised and he’s bet another hundred. This player here has looked at his cards, he’s gone “Oh dear, I haven’t got very much here, I don’t wanna play.” What they do, they throw their cards into the middle into the Muck, they’re out of the hand. In this case, they’ve Mucked their cards without even spending a Dime, a Penny, a Cent in the hand. A Muck is when you throw your hand in and give up. An Out.
An Out is your chance to catch up, catch up on the last card in the hand. Let’s see if there’s any Outs for the players here. Let’s have a look at our two hands, player here with the Ace-Jack, he’s got a Pair already, he’s in the lead. The player looking for Outs is the player here with the Ace and the King. What are his Outs then?
Let’s work them out. If the last card was an Ace, he’d have a pair of Aces, he’d win. If the last card was a King, he’d have a pair of Kings, he’d beat the pair of Jacks. One more potential win over him actually is the Queen as well. We’d have 10, Jack, Queen, King, Ace, a Straight. So the player in this scenario’s got a few Outs.
He’s got three different Outs, three ways of catching up at the last minute. The more Outs you have, the more chance you’ve got in the hand. If you can work out you’ve got lots of Outs, maybe it’s a better idea to stay in the hand. If you’ve got very few Outs, maybe the wisest manoeuvre would be to give up the hand, throw it in the Muck and of course in this occasion, the Ace comes, the Out has come in, they’ve caught up, it’s been a lucky catch on the River. That’s an Out.
The Pot. The Pot is the amount of chips, the amount of money that’s been wagered in the hand so far. The amount that’s in the Kitty, to be won at any given stage of the hand. The Pot is here, and on the live game, right in front of me here.
You add to the Pot before and during the hand and as you come to the River, the last chance to add to this Pot, to the amount of money that you’re all aiming to win is in your last set of betting. The bigger the Pot, the more that you’re likely to want to be betting into it at the last minute. If it’s a very small Pot, you’re very risky putting a big bet in. If the Pots already very very large, you want to be in that Pot as often as possible for the chance of winning it. There are two different ways of playing the game of Poker. You can play No Limit or Pot Limit.
Pot Limit, limits the amount of money, the amount of chips that can be wagered on any particular round of betting. It restricts the amount that could be won and lost in each individual hand, it means that you can budget your game a lot easier when you’re playing Pot limits. Some people prefer it, some people don’t.
Your choice to play No Limit or Pot Limit. Pot Limit puts a ceiling on the amount that you’re allowed to bet in any one particular hand or any one particular round of betting. A fantastic hand if you can catch one is Quads.
Quads is when you have Four of a Kind. Fairly rare and if you get beaten on Quads you can consider yourself very very unfortunate. Here’s an example of some Quads here.
three 10s, down there on the Flop, on the Turn, on the River as well, one of each, three 10’s, one in the players hand here, makes the best hand available to himself. Four 10’s, Ace Kicker. Quads are a very very strong. Of course, the higher the Quad, the better.
Four 10’s will beat four 6’s. The Rake is a very very small amount that you will have, it’s more like a tax of tables. It’s like a betting tax at the Poker Tables. The Rake is the small percentage of the winnings in every hand, that are taken by the casino operator, or the croupier sometimes, if you’re fortunate enough in a live game as a commission for running the game.
So maybe here, you’ve got a great big Pot here of about eleven or twelve hundred, perhaps the Rake would be ten, fifteen or twenty chips that don’t return to you, they go into the Kitty of the casino operator and the winning hand gets the rest of it. The Rake, normally a couple of percent goes back the casino operator, the Dealer. That’s the Rake. The Raise. The Raise is a way of increasing the Pot, increasing the amount of money in the Kitty and hopefully increasing your win. It’s an aggressive tactic to get things moving.
Let’s have a look at this sort of pre-Flop situation here, early in the hand. The Dealers Buttons here, Small Blind, one chip there for five, compulsory bet. There’s your Big Blind there, compulsory bet for ten. That’s a Call Bet there for ten, it’s just moving nice and quietly. Maybe the player here has a little peek at his cards, sees they’re really strong and thinks “Right, I’m gonna put some money into the Kitty, I wanna get this Pot nice and big so I can win it.” A Raise has to be double or more the previous bet.
The bet here was 10, so if you’re gonna Raise, you have to make a bet of 20 or more, So perhaps the player will bet 300. That’s a big Raise. The Re-Raise.
The Re-Raise, we’ve spoken about the Raise when you can increase the Pot to increase the amount of money in there to get yourself a nice win. Let’s look at a Re-Raise, when the stakes get increased again and again. The example at the table here; Small Blind for five, Big Blind for ten, player here in this position, he’s Raised to a hundred. Player here, got a very nice strong hand.
He’s given three choices now. He can Fold his hand, he can Call that Raise of one hundred, he can Re-Raise. He can Re-Raise by taking that hundred and doubling it or more.
A minimum bet to Re-Raise would be two hundred. Maybe in this case, a good Re-Raise would be to four. It puts the pressure back on the player who has done the Raise. Basically it’s you saying, “I’m stronger than you.
You think you wanna bet? Now I’m really betting.” It puts the pressure back on the player behind, it’s a very aggressive strategy. The aggressive players, they Re-Raise all the time.
They put the players before them under a lot of pressure by Re-Raising. It’s an attractive way to play if you’ve got a great hand. It’s also what bluffers do, to try and pinch some money from people who have Raised in front of them. The Short Stack. The Short Stack is the player at the table with the least number of chips at the table.
He’s the one that everyone’s normally looking at thinking, “We’re gonna try and eliminate him, we’ll put him under pressure.” When a Short Stack is put All In, sometimes he won’t have enough money to cover the other players bets. That doesn’t matter, he can still push all his chips and be allowed to bet just that amount. The Short Stack, sometimes they get put under pressure, sometimes people will bet against the Short Stack when they shouldn’t.
So it’s not always the worst position to be in. You can quite often double through your chips when you’re the Short Stack because people will try and get you at the game. Side Pots are when one or more of the players in the hand, hasn’t got enough to cover the entire bet.
They go All In with the chips they’ve got, as an excess, that the other players at the table are playing for that they haven’t been funded enough to play in the hand. That’s called a Side Pot. When one player hasn’t got quite enough chips to play the entire Pot, the remainder is played by the other players, in what’s called a Side Pot, which they play separately against themselves, rather than with the player who is All In. The most skilful players in live play look for things like a Tell. A Tell is sometimes a little scratch of the nose, sometimes it’s a nervous little twitter, sometimes it’s playing with their chips. It’s when a player kind of lets you know what’s going on.
Now highly skilled players can spot what’s called a Tell in other players. In fact, the craftiest players will throw a Tell out there that’s a Bluff. So Tells can work for you and Tell against you.
Are you good at spotting them? I don’t know, I can’t. The Tell. Two kinds of players generally in the game of Poker.
Loose players and Tight players. Pretty straight forward. A Tight player is somebody who doesn’t play many hands.
They sit very quietly, they Fold a lot of hands, they don’t get involved in a lot of hands, they certainly don’t Raise or Re-Raise very much. But when they come out of their bunker, they normally bet quite heavily because they haven’t played many hands, they need to catch up. So watch out for these Tight players.
When they do play, they play big, but they don’t play very often. The more disciplined players I should say, are the Tight players, but they don’t always win. Something we all try to avoid as Poker players is Tilt.
It’s going on Tilt after you’ve lost a hand, if the luck isn’t running with you, sometimes you can go, what we say, on Tilt. That means that you start betting probably a little bit more than you should, a bit more often than you should, on maybe on hands when you shouldn’t be betting. Look out for a player on Tilt. Quite often that’s an opportunity to win some nice easy chips from a player who’s lost his discipline. Look out for them as well. If they win, they can win big on Tilt.
PETE WATTS: Well, the number 666 is pretty famous, or I suppose you could say infamous. 666 is called the number of the beast. And the reason that the number 666 has become infamous is not just because it’s some kind of nice number. It has got a lot of interesting mathematical properties.
JAMES GRIME: Perhaps disappointingly, mathematically 666– not that special.
PETE WATTS: But it’s famous because of its use in the Bible, where it is the number of the beast.
Let me read the relevant passage.
JAMES GRIME: The one thing that I do know where it turns up is in the game of roulette. So roulette– here’s a roulette table. This is the Monte Carlo roulette table.
PETE WATTS: “Let him who has understanding reckon the number of the beast, for it is a human number. Its number is 666.”
JAMES GRIME: There’s an American roulette table as well, which is slightly different. The American table has a 0 and a 00, whereas the Monte Carlo roulette table just has the one 0.
PETE WATTS: The New Testament– the Bible wasn’t written in English. This is just a translation. So in the original Greek manuscripts, the number is actually written as three letters. The Greeks didn’t have symbols for writing numbers. They use letters instead.
It’s the same as if in English, we had to use the letter A for one, the letter B for two, and so on. Greek is like this. It uses letters to represent numbers. Hebrew is like this.
Letters are used to represent numbers. And those are the two main languages of the Bible.
JAMES GRIME: So all roulette tables, though, use the numbers 1 to 36. So here, the Monte Carlo roulette table has 37 slots– 0, 1, 2, 3, up to 36.
PETE WATTS: So alpha, the first letter of the Greek alphabet represents the number one.
Beta, the second letter, represents number two. Gamma, the third letter, represents number three. Now, if we carried on like this, we wouldn’t be able to form big numbers very easily. So then, as we go on, the letter iota comes to represent 10.
Kappa is 20. And then we’ve got to now go to our 100’s. So rho, which is the equivalent of our letter R, represents 100. Sigma, the next letter– just like we go R, S, rho, sigma in Greek– 200.
Now what this means is that every word also has a numerical value.
JAMES GRIME: The Monte Carlo table was by a man called Francois Blanc. In fact, the first version of roulette was invented by a mathematician called Blaise Pascal, a really early version of the idea. He’s a brilliant French mathematician– really interesting life. But the version I want to talk about is the Monte Carlo roulette table. So Francois Blanc invented this.
And they say that he made a deal with the devil for the secrets of roulette, because the numbers of a roulette table add up to 666.
PETE WATTS: So for example, my name is Pete. Pi– famous mathematical symbol which is the first letter of my name, which would be 80, so pi, P for Pete, 80. Epsilon and E, that would be 5. Tau, a T, that would be 300.
And finally, another E, 5. So the number of my name is 390.
JAMES GRIME: It is just a coincidence. It’s a nice little funny story told by gamblers who have perhaps suffered at the hands of the roulette table.
666 then, if it is the sum of consecutive numbers, 1 to 36, that means it’s also known as a triangle number. That’s what a triangle number is. Let’s have a look at those.
PETE WATTS: OK. So in the Bible, the famous number 666 comes in Revelation, chapter 13. “This calls for wisdom. Let him who has understanding reckon the number of the beast, for it is a human number. Its number is 666.” Now, in English, this word “reckon” actually comes from a Greek word which means calculate.
So it’s almost like the text is saying, I’m going to give you a riddle. You need to calculate the number of the beast. This number, 666, actually relates to a name. Now, in Greek, this is called isopsephy, the idea that a name can be a number as well, or a number can be a name.
And in Hebrew thought, the same idea is called gematria, which actually relates to our English word “geometry.” It has the same Greek origin. Many people have seen the Book of Revelation as directed against the Roman Empire. So when it comes to calculating the number of the beast, this evil figure within the book, many of them presume that this figure must be something to do with the Empire, and in particular, its particularly evil leader Nero.
So the way that this is calculated from the number 666 is to take the letters of Nero Caesar. But a slight complication is that the letters are actually written in Hebrew and not Greek. The reason for that is it’s often in Jewish thought, in Hebrew thought, that the idea of making letters and numbers, or making names from numbers, had some significance. One way to write Nero Caesar in Hebrew is like this.
Now, just like in Greek, each letter corresponded to a number. The same is true in Hebrew. So the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet is alef. So this corresponds to number one.
Bet corresponds to number two. And then we move into our 10’s as well. So yod corresponds to number 10. Resh corresponds to 200. So we have a very similar system.
Both the Greeks and Hebrew language used letters to represent numbers. So this says Nero Caesar in Hebrew. The nu, the N, is number 50. The R, the resh, is 200. Vav is 6. Nu is 50.
Qoph is 100. Samekh is 60. And then resh is 200.
Now, if you add up all of these, we come to 666. So Nero Caesar, the name Nero Caesar, has a numerical value of 666. Why is it spelt slightly funnily?
We’ve got here N, R, the equivalent of a N. So we’ve got Neron Caesar. The reason for that is that the Greek way of writing Nero Caesar was Neron Caesar. I think this is the most obvious explanation. Partly because there are other examples at the time in other Hebrew and Greek text of this kind of riddle. The idea of a number representing a name is convincing because this Neron Caesar, this particular spelling, is in common use. And also, John as an author uses very Hebraic concepts.
He draws on a lot of Hebrew ideas. Some people argue that Greek is his second language. He thinks in Hebrew, but he writes in Greek. So he’s imbued with Hebrew ideas.
PETE WATTS: But also, it adds to kind of the complexity of it in terms of it being a riddle, a secret. So no one wants to write a book under imperial persecution saying the root of all evil is Nero Caesar.
You’re not going to spell that out. So this is kind of a way that the number system of the time uses a code to kind of protect the author, protect the recipients from an out and out criticism.
JAMES GRIME: A triangle number, then, can be written like a triangle. Here, I’m going to take some dots and write them– squeak– in a triangle.
And you see, each row is a different number. So now I’ve got one, two, three, four. So the first triangle number– it’s just 1, on its own.
The second triangle number is the first two rows there, so 1 plus 2, which is 3. The third triangle number is this triangle– one, two, three– which is 6. The fourth triangle number is that, and so on, and so on. And the 36th triangle number– so the very last row would have 36 dots on it. It would be the 36th triangle number.
That is 666.
PETE WATTS: 666 has been used to indicate virtually anything, where anyone who’s been evil and evil, rude, or so on, has been found to add up somehow to the number of 666, using all sorts of bizarre counting systems. What generally happens is that people take the English alphabet, A to Z, and use the numbers 1 to 26 to try and come up with some code. But you can see that that’s actually nothing like the genuine way that Hebrew and Greek use their numbers. Because there, in Hebrew and Greek, we get units, tens, and hundreds whereas these codes that tend to be made up these days use just the number 1 to 26, A to Z.
And then they involve all sorts of bizarre things like adding people’s middle names and so on to come up with present-day figures.
JAMES GRIME: Of course, we know about the associations with 666. But mathematically speaking, it’s not a particularly interesting, exciting number for its own sake. It’s more of a cultural, important number.
PETE WATTS: What’s very interesting about this 666 is that some manuscript, some other early manuscripts from the third century and so on, actually have the number 616.
So the number of the beast in these texts is 616. Now, what’s interesting is that if you take off this final N in Hebrew and have just Nero Caesar, that equals 616. So in other words, people are saying, I already know that the answer is Nero Caesar, but I’m not sure about how you worked it out.
I’m going to correct it, if you like. I think the number ought to be 616. So in a way, that confirms that they were thinking of Nero Caesar, even from the second, third century and so on, really early on.
So that’s a nice bit of evidence that confirms that, certainly among the early Christians, the answer to this riddle was Nero Caesar.
This is a slot machine game called Moneystorm. It’s a popular game in Ontario. It’s a multiline game.
What that means: you can wager on one line, or multiple lines. If you’re wagering on one line, it’s just the middle line, which normally means you need two or three symbols starting from the left before you can in a prize. But you can choose wager on to up to 20 lines, so if you wagered on two lines, then a winning prize would be if you had two or three symbols on this line or to or three lines on this line, or both.
Similarly, you could go up to three lines, and all lines would be in play. And, incredibly, you’ve got 20 different lines that you can wager on. And when you’re wagering on 20 lines, you have a very high chance of winning something, because one of those lines or two or three of those lines could win something.
So, let’s just take a couple spins. Here I have a small win, I wagered 20 and I won 6. This is an interesting one, I’ve had quite a few line wins. Each of the line wins is 2, so I have a total win of only 18, but we have a lot of wins within that 18. So, on my wager of 20, I have a net loss of two but I have 9 individual wins. The other thing we can do, is we can change the number of credits wagered per line.
So I was wagering on the previous spins 1 credit per line, for a total of 20 credits. If I press 2, I’m wagering 40 credits. Similarly, I could press 3,4, or 5 and be betting 60, 80 or 100 credits. Each Moneystorm game in Ontario makes about 125 000 dollars per year. One thing that’s interesting about these machines, given that they make a lot of money, is how often you win something.
When you’re wagering on 20 lines on Moneystorm, you’re winning something on about every second spin. We did a trial, we played the machine for 10 000 spins and we got roughly 5000 wins of ‘something’. Many of those wins are less than the wager, but they’re still a ‘hit’ of some kind.
It’s incredible to us, to think about the effect on the player of winning ‘something’ so often, and yet it’s the machine that’s evidently making the money, and not the player.
First, you find yourself a table. You can ask . . . there’ll be a sign on the table telling you exactly what the minimum and maximum bets are.
Usually, it starts about $10 or $15, but you can check with the table in particular that you are at. You place your bet, and then the dealer is going to deal everybody two cards, face-up. The dealer is going to give himself one, and one facedown. Basically, cards 2 through 9 are worth their value and 10, Jacks, Kings, and Queens, they’re all 10 points. Aces can count as 1 or an 11. In this case here, he’s got a 3 or 13.
He would have a 15. This player here has Blackjack. Blackjack consists of any Ace, and any 10-value card on the first two cards.
We’re going to pay him right away; it pays 3:2. He’s got $500, so he’s going to get $750. He doesn’t have to play this hand here. With all the other hands, basically, the object of the game is to get as close to 21 without going over.
In this case here, player here has 3 or 13. He wants to hit, he can take another card, and then now he has a 9, or 19. A lot of people would want to make that a 19 and stay. That would be up to you. Then you stay on your hand. Then we go to the next player who may decide to hit, stay, or whatever he would like to do.
In this case, we’ll give this guy a card, just because he wants one. He’s got a 10, 5 and 8, that’s 23, so he’s over 21, I take his money, and we go onto the next hand. Then you have the option where if you want to get more money onto the table, where you’re feeling lucky you’re going to get real close to 21 and beat the dealer, then you can Double Down, which the player would put money onto the side there, and they would get one card.
In the case of Pairs, if they wanted to split them, you could do that. You could do that with any pair. They would get a card, and then they can play their hand as normal. Say he wants to hit the 12, he busts, and take his money. With the 10, if he decides he wants to double down after splitting, you could do that, as well.
He’s got 20. Then the dealer’s turn; he flips over his card. In this case he’s got 13, he’s got 16. I have to keep going. I have 18. Here, the player’s got 20, so he gets paid.
Then here with the 19, he gets paid. We sweep the cards up. Players take their bets back, and we go on to the next hand. Those are the basic rules of Blackjack that will get you started at the tables.